Animals Generally Come In Two Genders

Did you know that most animals have two different types of individuals – male and female? These two different types of animals are called genders. Gender is an important part of who animals are and how they behave. Male and female animals are different in many ways. For example, male birds are often more colorful […]

They Phylum Chordata

The Phylum Chordata is a group of animals that have a backbone or a notochord. This means they have a long, flexible rod-like structure running the length of their body that provides support and helps protect their spinal cord. Another word for chordates is vertebrates. Chordates can be found in many different shapes and sizes, […]

Vertebrates & Invertebrates

Vertebrates and Invertebrates are two types of animals. They are different from each other in many ways. Vertebrates are animals that have a backbone or spinal column. This helps to protect their delicate spinal cord and provides support for their bodies. Vertebrates are divided into five groups: fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Fish are […]

Acquired & Inherited Traits

Traits are special qualities or characteristics that make us who we are. There are two types of traits: acquired traits and inherited traits. Inherited traits are traits that are passed down from our parents to us. These traits are determined by our genes, which are like tiny instructions inside our cells. Our genes tell our […]


Sharks are a group of predatory fish that have been around for over 400 million years. These fascinating creatures are found in oceans around the world, and they are known for their streamlined bodies, sharp teeth, and powerful jaws. There are over 500 species of sharks, and they come in a wide range of sizes, […]

The Cretaceous Period

The Cretaceous period was the final of the three major dinosaur eras, and it lasted from approximately 145 to 66 million years ago. During this time, the Earth’s climate was warm and humid, and the continents were fully separated. The Cretaceous period saw the evolution of many advanced and specialized dinosaur species, such as the […]

The Three Dinosaur Eras

Dinosaurs lived on Earth for approximately 165 million years, and during this time, they evolved and adapted to changing environments and conditions. The history of dinosaurs can be divided into three major eras: the Triassic, Jurassic, and Cretaceous periods. Each of these eras was characterized by unique features and characteristics that set it apart from […]

Birds & Dinosaurs Share Many Traits

Dinosaurs and birds are closely related, and many scientists believe that birds are actually the descendants of dinosaurs. This theory is supported by a number of scientific discoveries and evidence, which suggest that birds evolved from small, feathered dinosaurs during the Late Jurassic period. One of the key pieces of evidence that supports the idea […]

Living Things Have Needs

Living things have certain needs that must be met in order for them to thrive. These needs might include air, water, food, and shelter. All living things need these things to survive. Plants need air, water, and sunlight to grow and thrive. They get these needs from their environment. For example, plants need light in […]

Plants And Animals Communicate

Plants and animals communicate with each other and with other species in many different ways. Here are some examples of how plants and animals communicate: Animal calls: Many animals communicate with each other using vocalizations, or calls. For example, birds use calls to attract mates, warn of danger, and communicate with their young. Dogs also […]